Dynasty Macedonian dynasty . She used magic charms, amulets, and potions, all without effect. Zoë, aged 50, was married to Romanos Argyros. In the event she was carried forcibly back to the capital. Zoë Porphyrogenita (Greek: Ζωή Πορφυρογέννητη Medieval Greek: [zo'i] "life"; c. 978 – 11 June 1050) was Byzantine Empress from 11 November 1028 until her death in 1050. [3] Another opportunity for Zoë to marry arose in 1028, when an embassy from the Holy Roman Empire arrived in Constantinople with a proposal for an imperial marriage. [5][49] Zoë died on 11 June 1050 aged 72. The eldest, Eudocia, was disfigured by smallpox, while the youngest, Theodora, was a very plain girl. She used magic charms, amulets, and potions, all without effect. He was the younger son of Emperor Romanos II and Empress Theophano. He was nominal co-emperor for 63 years, successively with his father; stepfather, Nikephoros II Phokas; uncle, John I Tzimiskes; and brother, Basil II. Ring 962 – 15 December 1025 (co-emperor) 15 December 1025 – 11 November 1028 (sole emperor) Her husband, Romanus III Romanus III (Romanus Argyrus) , c.968–1034, Byzantine emperor (1028–34). [20] According to court official and later chronicler Michael Psellus some of his retinue had "held his head for a long time beneath the water, attempting at the same time to strangle him". Constantine VIII (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Η΄, Kōnstantinos VIII) (960 – 11 November 1028) was reigning Byzantine Emperor from 15 December 1025 until his death in 1028. He was succeeded by his 1st cousin once removed Malcolm in 943 when he abdicated. He was brought for an audience before the Empress, but during their conversation his independent and forceful manner displeased Zoe, and he was dismissed from her presence. Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos or Porphyrogenitus, "the Purple-born" ([Κωνσταντίνος Ζ΄ Πορφυρογέννητος, Kōnstantinos VII Porphyrogennētos] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup ), (September 2, 905 – November 9, 959) was the son of the Byzantine emperor Leo VI and his fourth wife Zoe Karbonopsina. She initially guaranteed Michael's safety, but then ordered him to be blinded and to spend the rest of his life as a monk. Romanos succeeded Constantine VII as sole emperor upon the latter's death in 959. He was the son of the Emperor Romanos II and Theophano, and the younger brother of the eminent Basil II, who died childless and thus left the rule of the Byzantine Empire in his hands. Constantine VII, like his father Leo VI, was “born in the purple” or porphyrogennetos.The phrase derived from the porphyry, a rare purple-laced marble, that was used in the chamber of the palace at Constantinople where Leo's birth, and many subsequent ones, took place. Constantine XI Palaeologus , the last Byzantine emperor (1449–53), killed in the final defense of Constantinople against the Ottoman Turks. [21] Matthew of Edessa's account has Zoë poisoning Romanos. [5] He proceeded to crown Michael as the new emperor of the Romans, to reign as Michael IV until his death in 1041. [5] Theodora defied her father by refusing to marry Romanos, arguing that he was already married – his wife having been forced to become a nun to allow Romanos to marry into the imperial family[10]:465 – and that as third cousins they had too close a blood relationship for marriage to occur. Garland, Lynda. He was succeeded by his ward and nephew, Basil II, who had been nominal co-emperor since 960. $12,997.00. Constantine VI, (born 770—died after Aug. 15, 797), Byzantine emperor from 780 to 797, grandson of Constantine V.. At 10 years of age Constantine succeeded his father, Leo IV, under the guardianship of his mother, Irene.It was during her regency that the seventh ecumenical Council of Nicaea (787) reestablished the veneration of icons. Constantine I (306 - 337 A.D.) by Hans A. Pohlsander SUNY Albany Introduction The emperor Constantine has rightly been called the most important emperor of Late Antiquity. Basil died in 1025 when Zoë was 47. Constantine and Zoë rejected the idea out of hand when it was revealed that the intended groom, Henry, the son of Conrad II, was only ten years old. Skleraina was given the title of sebaste, ranking behind Zoë and Theodora, and was addressed as mistress or empress, like them. [20] He died under mysterious circumstances a few days before the wedding was to take place, possibly poisoned by his own soon to be ex-wife. Mar 14, 2013 - Sisinnius Papacy began 15 January 708 Papacy ended 4 February 708 Predecessor John VII Successor Constantine Personal details Birth name ??? Cartography and the Ottoman Imperial Project in the Sixteenth Century, Pınar Emiralioğlu 4. This action sparked a popular revolt which dethroned him and installed Zoë and her sister Theodora III as joint empresses. [48] Zoë recognised her own beauty and its use as a tool of statecraft. He was nominal co-emperor for 63 years, successively with his father; stepfather, Nikephoros II Phokas; uncle, John I Tzimiskes; and brother, Basil II. [5] Consequently, Zoë lived a life of virtual obscurity in the imperial gynaeceum (women's quarters) for many years. Constantine II was the first king of Alba, he ruled from the year 900 until his abdication in 943.He was the son of Áed, king of Scots who ruled from 877-878. Constantine was crowned co-emperor with his father in 720 CE. [3] Her father became co-emperor, at the age of two, in 962. Romanos tolerated these and took a mistress himself. Zoë, aged 50, was married to Romanos Argyros. Zoë later visited her sister and forced her to take religious vows. Hearing the rumours, Romanos was concerned and confronted Michael, but he denied the accusations. [21], Zoë and Michael were married on the same day that Romanos III died. On 19 April 1042 the mob dethroned Michael V in support of not only Zoë, but also Theodora. [18] Romanos limited his wife's spending and paid her little attention. [21] On 11 April Romanos was found dying in his bath. 7. 43807129, citing Church of the Holy Apostles, Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey ; Maintained by Find A Grave . 385. Constantine VIII (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Η΄, Kōnstantinos VIII) (960 – 11 November 1028) was the Byzantine Emperor from 15 December 1025 until his death in 1028. Of noble family, he was a prefect of Constantinople when he was compelled by the dying emperor, Constantine VIII, to marry his daughter Zoe and to become his successor. Constantine XI (Constantine Palaeologus), d. 1453, last Byzantine emperor (1449–53), brother and successor of John VIII John VIII (John Palaeologus), 1390–1448, Byzantine emperor (1425–48), son and successor of Manuel II. [5] He proceeded to crown Michael as the new emperor of the Romans, to reign as Michael IV until his death in 1041. was born (genitus) in the Purple (Porphyro) Chamber of the Imperial Palace in Constantinople (905), as it was customary for the legitimate children of reigning emperors.. [11][12] Zoe and Romanos married on 10 November 1028 in the imperial chapel of the palace. [26] Zoë was confined again to the palace gynaeceum, and kept under strict surveillance. By the rules of the Orthodox Church her next marriage, her third, was the last she was permitted. Arnulf therefore selected the attractive 23-year-old Zoë, to which Basil II agreed. [3] Her father became co-emperor, at the age of two, in 962. They took the throne the next day on her father's death. Zoë, aged 50, was married to Romanos Argyros. His powerful personality laid the foundations of post-classical European … She was forcibly tonsured and sworn into a religious order. [2], When Basil II died, Constantine VIII took the throne. [15] Zoë accused her of being part of the conspiracy, and Theodora was forcibly confined in the monastery of Petrion. Constantine VIII: Successor: Constantine IX & Theodora: Regent: Romanos III (1028–1034) Michael IV (1034–1041) Michael V (1041–1042) Theodora (1042–1050) Constantine IX (1042–1050) Born: c. 978 Constantinople (modren Istanbul, Turkey) Dee'd: June 1050 … Zoë was Porphyrogenita, "born into the purple"; this was the appellation for a child born in the capital to a reigning emperor. [20] On 10 December 1041, Michael IV died, refusing to the last to see his wife who begged that she be allowed to visit him one more time,[28] and his nephew Michael V was crowned emperor. [19], In early 1034 Romanos became ill and it was widely believed that Zoë and Michael were conspiring to have him poisoned. Once Michael V became emperor, he promptly exiled Zoë. Constantine VIII Flavius Porphyrogenitus (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Η΄, Kōnstantinos VIII) (960 – 11 November 1028) was de jure Byzantine Emperor from 962 until his death. He was succeeded by his son, Romanus II Romanus II, 939–63, Byzantine emperor (959–63), son and successor of Constantine VII. Constantine was the fourth son of By the rules of the Orthodox Church her next marriage, her third, was the last she was permitted. He had no male heir, and on his deathbed he arranged that his second daughter, Zoe, should succeed him and marry the eparch of … Zoë was born when her father Constantine was nominal co-emperor to his brother, Basil II. With the help of his wife, Constantine VII succeeded in removing his brothers-in-law, and on January 27, 945, Constantine VII became sole emperor at the age of 39, after a life spent in the shadow. Basil's father crowned him as co-emperor on 22 April 960, [3] and his brother Constantine (born 960 or 961, eventually to rule as sole emperor Constantine VIII in 1025–1028) in 962 or 963. With the help of his wife, Constantine VII succeeded in removing his brothers-in-law and on January 27, 945, Constantine VII was once again sole emperor at the age of 39, after a life spent in the shadow. The first potential match was the distinguished noble Constantine Dalassenos, the former dux of Antioch. Gregory VII restricted the use of the title of “Pope” to the Roman bishop. [27] Eager to ensure that power remained in his hands, John the Eunuch forced Zoë to adopt Michael, the son of his and Michael IV's sister. [20] The pair were married on 11 June 1042, without the participation of Patriarch Alexios, who refused to officiate over a third marriage (for both spouses). Henry IV challenged Pope Gregory VII’s right to name bishops in the empire by deposing and replacing the bishop of … Emperor Constantine VIII (r. 1025-1028), brother, co-emperor, and successor of Basil II Emperor Romanos III Argyros (r. 1028-1034), 1st husband of Zoe, former Byzantine senator Emperor Michael IV the Paphlagonian (r. 1034-1041) At official events Skleraina took position immediately behind the sisters. [3] Another opportunity for Zoë to marry arose in 1028, when an embassy from the Holy Roman Empire arrived in Constantinople with a proposal for an imperial marriage. Constantine VIII (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Η΄, Kōnstantinos VIII) (960 – 11 November 1028) was the Byzantine Emperor from 15 December 1025 until his death in 1028. On 19 April 1042 the mob dethroned Michael V in support of not only Zoë, but also Theodora. Dec 29, 2017 - A gold coin of Basil II, emperor of the Byzantine empire (r. 976-1025 CE). Psellus reports that her face looked youthful into her sixties. [50], Ruling with Theodora and Constantine IX: 1042–1050, Last edited on 22 December 2020, at 18:07. His death has been variously attributed to Zoë, her young lover, or both. Hearing the rumours, Romanos was concerned and confronted Michael, but he denied the accusations. [20] According to court official and later chronicler Michael Psellus some of his retinue had "held his head for a long time beneath the water, attempting at the same time to strangle him". [36], Zoë immediately assumed power and tried to force Theodora back to her monastery, but the Senate and the people demanded that the sisters should jointly reign. [5], Her preference was for Constantine Dalassenos, who had been her father's first choice as her husband back in 1028. [2] In January 1002 she accompanied Arnulf back to Italy, only to discover when the ship reached Bari that Otto had died, forcing her to return home. [39] Although contemporary historian Michael Psellus claimed the joint reign was a complete failure, John Scylitzes stated that they were very conscientious in rectifying the abuses of the previous reigns. After a two-month joint reign Zoë married a former lover who was installed as Constantine IX, transferring power to him, However, she continued to rule the empire as the heir to the empire and the emperor's wife as the Byzantine empress. Romanos III Argyros(Greek: Ρωμανός Γ΄ Αργυρός; 968 – 11 April 1034), or Romanus III Argyrus, was Byzantine Emperorfrom 15 November 1028 until his death. Constantine VII and the Historical Geography of Empire, Paul Magdalino 2. The deaths of Emperor Leo VI the Wise in 912 and his brother and successor Alexander in 913, left the throne of the Byzantine Empire to Constantine VII. Constantine VIII Porphyrogenitus (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Η΄, Kōnstantinos VIII) (960 - 11 November 1028) was de jure Byzantine Emperor from 962 until his death. Constantine’s rule began with a series of regencies: first by his mother, Zoe, whose councilors were selfish and avaricious, and then Romanus Lecapenus , an admiral of the navy who was initially appointed as “guardian of the emperor” but came to be elevated as full Augustus himself. [42] [39] Although contemporary historian Michael Psellus claimed the joint reign was a complete failure, John Scylitzes stated that they were very conscientious in rectifying the abuses of the previous reigns. [5] The next day they summoned the Patriarch Alexios I to officiate at the coronation of the new emperor. [2], When Basil II died, Constantine VIII took the throne. Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos or Porphyrogenitus, "the Purple-born" ([Κωνσταντίνος Ζ΄ Πορφυρογέννητος, Kōnstantinos VII Porphyrogennētos] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup ), (September 2, 905 – November 9, 959) was the son of the Byzantine emperor Leo VI and his fourth wife Zoe Karbonopsina. [41] Her next choice was the married Constantine Atroklines, a court official with whom it was rumoured that she had had an affair during the reign of Romanos III. [42] In 1041, Zoë was persuaded to adopt her dying husband's nephew, Michael Kalaphates. [21] John Scylitzes writes as a simple fact that Romanos was drowned on Michael's orders. In 336, religious unrest in Armenia and tense relations between Constantine and king Shapur II caused war to break out between Rome and Sassanid Persia. Porfirogenet Constantine VII (Porphyrogenitus) - Byzantine emperor of the Macedonian dynasty, who ruled in 908-959 years. [41] After two months of increasing acrimony, Zoë decided to search for a new husband – thereby denying Theodora the opportunity to increase her influence. (Constantine Palaeologus), d. 1453, last Byzantine emperor (1449–53), brother and successor of John VIII John VIII. True False 8. The marriage of Zoë and Romanos III was troubled, and Romanos was found dead in his bath in 1034. Constantine VIII (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Η΄, Kōnstantinos VIII) (960 – 11 November 1028) was reigning Byzantine emperor from December 15, 1025 until his death. [21] John Scylitzes writes as a simple fact that Romanos was drowned on Michael's orders. [5] Almost immediately upon marrying Romanos the fifty-year-old Zoë tried desperately to become pregnant. [9] The emperor's advisors preferred a weak ruler whom they could control and they persuaded him to reject Dalassenos after he had already been summoned to the capital. Constantine XI. [6] Constantine determined that the ruling house would be continued by one of his daughters being married to an appropriate aristocrat. [5][49] Zoë died on 11 June 1050 aged 72.[50]. They took the throne the next day on her father's death. $5,198.80. Constantine XI (Constantine Palaeologus), d. 1453, last Byzantine emperor (1449–53), brother and successor of John VIII John VIII (John Palaeologus), 1390–1448, Byzantine emperor (1425–48), son and successor of Manuel II. [11][12] Zoe and Romanos married on 10 November 1028 in the imperial chapel of the palace. 7. [5] Romanos Argyros, the urban prefect of Constantinople, was the next to be considered as a match. [5] The next day they summoned the Patriarch Alexios I to officiate at the coronation of the new emperor. She was the second daughter of Constantine VIII and his wife Helena. Michael IV was concerned about Zoë turning on him the way she had turned on Romanos,[25] so he excluded Zoë from politics by placing all power in the hands of his brother, the eunuch John the Orphanotrophos. [37] As her first act Theodora was called upon to deal with Michael V. Zoë wanted to pardon and free Michael, but Theodora was clear and adamant. Romanus III Argyrus, (born c. 968—died April 11/12, 1034), Byzantine emperor from 1028 to 1034.. Of noble family, he was a prefect of Constantinople when he was compelled by the dying emperor, Constantine VIII, to marry his daughter Zoe and to become his successor. In 1041, Zoë was persuaded to adopt her dying husband's nephew, Michael Kalaphates. Zoë later visited her sister and forced her to take religious vows. He succeeded his father Constantine VII in 959 at the age of twenty-one and died suddenly in 963. Eight years later, Zoë died aged 72. Her father became co-emperor, at the age of two, in 962. His reign as sole emperor lasted less than three years, from 15 December 1025 to 11 November 1028. [21] On 11 April Romanos was found dying in his bath. He was a Byzantine noble and senior official in Constantinoplewhen the dying Constantine VIIIforced him to … For his appearance at the light turned to scandal. [33], A delegation headed by Patrician Constantine Cabasilas[34] went to the monastery at Petrion to convince Theodora to become co-empress alongside her sister. True False 8. Constantine Monomachos was the son of Theodosios Monomachos, an important bureaucrat under Basil II and Constantine VIII. [40], Theodora and Zoë appeared together at meetings of the Senate and gave public audiences, but it was soon apparent that their joint reign was under strain. His writings are one of the best sources of information on the Byzantine Empire and neighbouring areas. Constantine's position improved after he married his second wife, a niece of Emperor Romanos III Argyros. [43], Zoë got more than she bargained for when Constantine decided to bring with him to his new station his long-standing mistress Maria Skleraina. [41], Zoë then remembered the handsome and urbane[41] Constantine Monomachos, another former lover. [14] Shortly afterwards, Theodora was accused of plotting to usurp the throne, first with Presian in 1030, followed by Constantine Diogenes, the governor of Sirmium, in 1031. [16], Zoë was obsessed with continuing the Macedonian dynasty. His reign as sole emperor lasted less than three years, from 15 December 1025 to 11 November 1028. Michael IV was concerned about Zoë turning on him the way she had turned on Romanos,[25] so he excluded Zoë from politics by placing all power in the hands of his brother, the eunuch John the Orphanotrophos. [44] Not content with bringing her to court, he insisted that he be allowed to publicly share his life with her, and that she obtain some official recognition. She was the second daughter of Constantine VIII and his wife Helena. Garland, Lynda. [5], Her preference was for Constantine Dalassenos, who had been her father's first choice as her husband back in 1028. They were married on the same day as the supposed murder, and he was crowned Emperor Michael IV on the following day. Despite the machinations of his younger brother Demetrios Palaiologos his mother Helena was able to secure Constantine XI's succession in 1448. CONSTANTINE VIII 1025AD Gold Ancient Byzantine Coin w JESUS CHRIST NGC AU i84780. Constantine VIII had been crowned with his brother by their father in 962, when he was still an infant. John VIII Palaiologos named his brother Constantine XI, who had served as regent in Constantinople in 1437–1439, as his successor. [21] Matthew of Edessa's account has Zoë poisoning Romanos. The court began to split, with factions forming behind each empress. [45] The 64-year-old Zoë did not object to sharing her bed and her throne with Skleraina. [46] This led to a popular uprising by the citizens of Constantinople in 1044, which came dangerously close to actually harming Constantine who was participating in a religious procession along the streets of Constantinople. Gregory VII restricted the use of the title of “Pope” to the Roman bishop. His successor, Constantine VII, was born from his union with his fourth wife, Zoe. [31] This treatment of the legitimate heir to the Macedonian Dynasty caused a popular uprising in Constantinople. Zoë was Porphyrogenita,[2] "born into the purple"; this was the appellation for a child born in the capital to a reigning emperor. Constantine had no interest in politics, statecraft or the military. Zoë Porphyrogenita (Greek: Ζωή Πορφυρογέννητη Medieval Greek: [zo'i] "life"; c. 978 – 11 June 1050) was Byzantine Empress from 11 November 1028 until her death in 1050. [5], By 1041 it was obvious that Michael IV was dying. [41] After two months of increasing acrimony, Zoë decided to search for a new husband – thereby denying Theodora the opportunity to increase her influence. [25] The disgruntled empress conspired against John but in vain. [29][30], Although he had pledged to respect Zoë, Michael V promptly banished her to a monastery on Principus, an island in the Sea of Marmara, on charges of attempted regicide. Showing Basil and his brother and successor Emperor Constantine VIII. [23][24], Although Zoë believed Michael would prove to be a more devoted husband than Romanos, she was mistaken. [33] At an assembly in Hagia Sophia the people escorted a furious Theodora and proclaimed her empress along with Zoë. [46] This led to a popular uprising by the citizens of Constantinople in 1044, which came dangerously close to actually harming Constantine who was participating in a religious procession along the streets of Constantinople. [25] The disgruntled empress conspired against John but in vain. His main interests lay in legal reforms, in the fair redistribution of land among the peasants, and in the encouragement of art and learning. Tzimiskes was succeeded by his ward and nephew, Basil II, who had been nominal co-emperor since 960. [47] The mob was only quieted by the appearance on a balcony of Zoë and Theodora, who reassured the people that they were not in any danger of assassination. [29][30], Although he had pledged to respect Zoë, Michael V promptly banished her to a monastery on Principus, an island in the Sea of Marmara, on charges of attempted regicide. [38], Officially Zoë was the senior empress, and her throne was situated slightly in front of Theodora's on all public occasions. Zoë was Porphyrogenita,[2] "born into the purple"; this was the appellation for a child born in the capital to a reigning emperor. Constantius was born in 317 at Sirmium, Pannonia.He was the third son of Constantine the Great, and second by his second wife Fausta, the daughter of Maximian.Constantius was made caesar by his father on 8 November 324. Basil was succeeded by Constantine VIII (reigned 1025–28) and by Constantine's daughter Zoë Zoë , c.978–1050, Byzantine empress (1028–50), daughter and successor of Constantine VIII. [17] This failure to conceive helped alienate the couple, and soon Romanos refused to share the marriage bed with her. ]—died Nov. 9, 959), Byzantine emperor from 913 to 959. [5] Romanos Argyros, the urban prefect of Constantinople, was the next to be considered as a match. 36567, second edition ca. Romanus showed great eagerness to make his mark as a ruler but was mostly unfortunate in his enterprises; and in his … [19], In early 1034 Romanos became ill and it was widely believed that Zoë and Michael were conspiring to have him poisoned. Constantine was born in 718 CE as the son and successor to Emperor Leo III, a Syrian diplomat under Justinian II who had gone on to found the Isaurian dynasty which lasted until 802 CE. Constantine VIII on the reverse o this histamenon coin, wi croun, pelled labarum an akakia. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. [16], Zoë was obsessed with continuing the Macedonian dynasty. She operated a cosmetics laboratory in her rooms in the palace, where perfumes and unguents were constantly being prepared. This action sparked a popular revolt which dethroned him and installed Zoë and her sister Theodora III as joint empresses. Basil died in 1025 when Zoë was 47. [22] Although he initially refused to co-operate, the payment of 50 pounds of gold helped change his mind. Michael V, desperate to keep his throne, brought Zoë back from Principus and displayed her to the people,[32] but his insistence that he continue to rule alongside her was in vain. As he had no sons, Constantine hoped to continue the dynasty by marrying off one of his daughters. Born 650 Syria, Rashidun Caliphate Died 4 February 708 Rome, Byzantine Empire Her father ascended the Byzantine throne as Constantine VIII. Zoë was first married when she was 50 years old at the request of her father to insure stability in the empire. Constantius II. The court began to split, with factions forming behind each empress. [48] Zoë recognised her own beauty and its use as a tool of statecraft. A gold Byzantine nomisma coin depicting Emperor Constantine VII (r. 945-959 CE) and his son and successor Romanos II (r. 959-963 CE). [7] A second embassy sent in 1001, headed by Arnulf II, Archbishop of Milan,[8] was tasked with selecting Otto's bride from among Constantine's three daughters. Accustomed to a life of religious contemplation Theodora rejected them and sought sanctuary in the convent chapel. 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